Studies have found that religious people are healthier and require less access to health services, and that clients want to have their religious and spiritual needs addressed as a part of their plan of care.
Early history[ edit ] The earliest evidence of using occupations as a method of therapy can be found in ancient times.
Later, the Roman Celsus prescribed music, travel, conversation and exercise to his patients. However, by medieval times the use of these interventions with people with mental illness was rare, if not nonexistent.
Instead of the use of metal chains and restraints, their institutions used rigorous work and leisure activities in the late 18th century. This was the Moral Treatment era, developed in Europe during the Age of Enlightenmentwhere the roots of occupational therapy lie. It re-emerged in the early decades of the 20th century as Occupational Therapy.
The Arts and Crafts movement that took place between and also impacted occupational therapy. In the US, a recently industrialized country, the arts and crafts societies emerged against the monotony and lost autonomy of factory work.
Slagle, who was one of the founding members of the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy NSPOTproposed habit training as a primary occupational therapy model of treatment.
Based on the philosophy that engagement in meaningful routines shape a person's wellbeing, habit training focused on creating structure and balance between work, rest and leisure. Although habit training was initially developed to treat individuals with mental health conditions, its basic tenets are apparent in modern treatment models that are utilized across a wide scope of client populations.
In Slagle opened the first occupational therapy training program, the Henry B. Slagle went on to serve as both AOTA president and secretary.
Toy making in psychiatric hospital. World War 1 era. The health profession of occupational therapy was conceived in the early s as a reflection of the Progressive Era. Early professionals merged highly valued ideals, such as having a strong work ethic and the importance of crafting with one's own hands with scientific and medical principles.
Other titles such as "work-cure","ergo therapy" ergo being the greek root for "work"and "creative occupations" were discussed as substitutes, but ultimately, none possessed the broad meaning that the practice of occupational therapy demanded in order to capture the many forms of treatment that existed from the beginning.
The emergence of occupational therapy challenged the views of mainstream scientific medicine. Instead of focusing purely on the medical modeloccupational therapists argued that a complex combination of social, economic, and biological reasons cause dysfunction.
Principles and techniques were borrowed from many disciplines—including but not limited to physical therapynursingpsychiatryrehabilitationself-helporthopedicsand social work —to enrich the profession's scope.
Between andthe founders defined the realm of practice and developed supporting theories. By the early s, AOTA had established educational guidelines and accreditation procedures. The entry of the United States into World War I was also a crucial event in the history of the profession.
Up until this time, occupational therapy had been concerned primarily with the treatment of people with mental illness. The military enlisted the assistance of NSPOT to recruit and train over 1, "reconstruction aides" to help with the rehabilitation of those wounded in the war. With entry into World War II and the ensuing skyrocketing demand for occupational therapists to treat those injured in the war, the field of occupational therapy underwent dramatic growth and change.
Occupational therapists needed to be skilled not only in the use of constructive activities such as crafts, but also increasingly in the use of activities of daily living. Emphasis shifted from the altruistic war-time mentality to the financial, professional, and personal satisfaction that comes with being a therapist.Find answers and resources (tip sheets) for you to learn more about how occupational therapy can help you or your loved ones live life to its fullest.
Health policy and high profile investigations about poor care delivery in England emphasise the need for health professionals to ensure care is patient-centred, addressing each individual's physical, emotional, social and spiritual needs.
Person-centred practice, valuing the uniqueness of the individual, is central to the philosophy of occupational therapy. Abstract. Background: Research shows that religious and spiritual beliefs influence a person’s health and quality of rutadeltambor.coms have found that religious people are healthier and require less access to health services, and that clients want to have their religious and spiritual needs addressed as .
Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain the meaningful activities, or occupations, of individuals, groups, or rutadeltambor.com is an allied health profession performed by occupational therapists and Occupational Therapy Assistants.
OTs often work with people with mental health problems, disabilities, injuries, or impairments. Essay about Occupational Therapy. Introduction According to the World Federation of Occupational Therapy, occupational therapy is a profession which is concerned with the promotion of well-being and health of individuals through engaging them in occupation.
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