It involved both of those countries to explore outer space with artificial satellites, to send humans into space, and to land people on the Moon. Whoever got to space first would have advantage over the other country.
Initially a dispute over the future of Europe, it grew to include confrontations around the world. Roosevelt assured the American people that any thought of a breakup of the wartime alliance with the Soviet Union was simply Nazi propaganda: In an attempt to ward off the inevitable disaster, the Axis propagandists are trying all of their old tricks in order to divide the United Nations.
They seek to create the idea that if we win this war, Russia, England, China, and the United States are going to get into a cat-and-dog fight. This is their final effort to turn one nation against another in the vain hope that they may be settling with one or two at a time -- that any of us may be so gullible and so forgetful as to be deuped into make "deals" at the expense of our allies.
Cold War confrontations were nearly always conducted through surrogates — or by economic pressure, selective aid, diplomatic maneuver, propaganda, assassination, low-intensity military operations — in order to avoid a direct confrontation that could have led to a nuclear war.
In fact, on several occasions, the two nations came close to just such a holocaust, for example the Cuban Missile Crisisbut through both luck and strategy they managed to avoid it. Never having been declared, the Cold War did not end on a single agreed date, but it can reasonably be said that it ended with the creation of a united, independent Germany in Octoberthe most important issue of its origins.
There has been some controversy over the phrase "Cold War. Some claim that the term can be traced to George Orwell, but Orwell used the phrase generically and not specifically in connection with the Soviet Union and the United States. Baruch should be regarded as the originator of the term "Cold War" within the meaning in which it became universally accepted.
Influential author Walter Lippmann wrote many books, including Cold War, which in aided in coining its name. The wartime alliance between the Soviet Union and the United States was a marriage of convenience.
When Joseph Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet Pact inStalin left the West to fend for itself, but when Hitler abandoned the treaty and invaded inthe West concluded that they could not afford for Germany to acquire so much territory and resources. Thus the wartime alliance was born.
World War II ends As the war drew to a close, the Soviet Union made it clear that they considered Eastern Europe to be within their sphere of influence and an impotent Germany to be a non-negotiable outcome of the conflict.
To ensure their objectives, the Soviet Union established the Soviet Alliance System inwhich enabled them to institute military and political control over Eastern European countries. The latter had suffered somedeaths, almost all in the active military.
Some 25 million Soviet citizens died, the majority of them civilians. The Soviets were resolved that Germany would never invade their country again. After having been invaded by Germany three times in the last years, the U.
The Soviets would also not soon forget that their demand for a second front in the west during World War II, had been denied for two years of severe losses before the Allied invasion took place in For its part, the United States had used altruistic rhetoric to explain its war objectives.
Self-determination for all people was one of the cornerstones. While conceding the expected Soviet hegemony over the countries on its western border, at the Yalta Conference in February where the Cold War supposedly beganthe United States was able only to extract promises that pluralistic governments would be allowed there.
Greece was in the middle of a civil war and Turkey needed assistance with modernizing its society. Concerned that both countries could fall into the Soviet sphere of influence, undersecretary of state Dean Acheson presented an idea in a meeting with Congress that would later become known as the Domino Theory.
His notion was that when one nation falls to communism, neighboring states are weakened and eventually fall themselves. The Truman Doctrine enunciated its support of U. At no time, except perhaps during the Cuban Missile Crisisdid the Cold War bring the world so close to direct hostilities between the major powers.
Although Acheson had suggested early inthat Korea lay outside the defense periphery of the United States, the invasion of South Korea by the North in June was too blatant to be ignored.
Assuming the invasion had taken place with the knowledge and support of the Soviet Union and China, the United States responded forcefully. The Korean War was fought to an eventual draw by United Nations forces, of whom the majority were American troops.
When the Soviets exploded their own atomic bomb inthe United States embarked on a crash program to produce the exponentially more powerful H-bomb, against strong opposition from one of its creators J. Robert Oppenheimer and chairman of the U.
Atomic Energy Commission David Lillienthal.Among science fiction stories with space flight, the overwhelming majority are about combat, both between spacecraft and between futuristic ground troops. The space race essaysThe USSR (Union of Soviet Socialists Republic, now known as Russia) and the United States had been disagreeing on things since When World War ** ended in , the Cold War began.
The Cold War was not an actual war, but more like a competition over military leadership. The Space Race Essays: Over , The Space Race Essays, The Space Race Term Papers, The Space Race Research Paper, Book Reports.
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Learn more about the NMSU Police Department and the services we provide the community. Get information about personal safety, crime prevention programs, view a . The Space Race refers to the 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for dominance in spaceflight capability.
It had its origins in the missile-based nuclear arms race between the two nations that occurred following World War II, aided by captured German missile technology and personnel from the Aggregat program.