She was born in Windsor on 21 April
Henry's routine killing of her successive stepmothers every few years traumatized Elizabeth, who loved her father. Although Henry finally did father a son, Edward VI, the boy did not live long, dying at the age of sixteen after a six-year reign, and thus Elizabeth's older sister Mary I came to the throne in Meanwhile, the young Elizabeth showed exceptional intelligence, excelling at her studies well beyond any of the other royal children.
Mary would come to be known as "Bloody Mary" for her harsh treatment of English Protestants in her attempt to restore Catholicism to England. When Sir Thomas Wyat the Younger's Rebellion threatened Mary's rule, she believed Elizabeth to have been involved in the plot and imprisoned her in the Tower of London.
By a combination of luck and skillful persuasion on the part of her political allies, Elizabeth survived this ordeal and became queen when Mary died in Elizabeth quickly consolidated power and returned the country to Protestantism, passing the Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity, although by Reformation standards Catholics fared well under these acts.
With the help of able advisors like Sir William Cecil later Lord Burleigh and the spy-networks of Francis Walsingham, she ruled the country ably and initiated an era of economic prosperity. In international affairs, Elizabeth manipulated the princes of Europe, using the prospect of marriage to her and thus joint control over England as a bargaining tool; indeed, preferring the power that came with perpetual eligibility, she ultimately never married at all.
She was, however, involved in a scandalous romance with Robert Dudley later called the Earl of Leicesterher Master of the Horse. Because Elizabeth was both husbandless and childless, to overthrow her would be to gain immediate control of the throne; plots against her proliferated.
In he launched his supposedly invincible Spanish Armada to fetch his armies fighting in the Netherlands and transport them to England. The Armada was defeated by the skillful maneuvers of the English fleet, and was further debilitated by stormy weather known as the "Protestant Wind".
England was saved from the Spanish threat, establishing the roots of a long tradition of English naval dominance. By the s, Elizabeth was in her 60s and her most trusted advisors were slowly dying. From the next generation of nobility she selected Leicester's stepson, Robert Devereux Earl of Essexthirty years her junior, as her favored servant and companion.
She sent Essex to Ireland to command her army, but when he disobeyed orders and failed to complete his objectives, Elizabeth banished him from her presence. Essex then foolishly tried to raise a rebellion, but the elderly Elizabeth quickly had the young traitor captured.
Essex was executed in Elizabeth died inhaving made clear that her successor would be James I, son of Mary Queen of Scots.The aim of this essay is to discuss the difficulties faced by the Catholics for the duration of Elizabeth the first’s reign.
Firstly, I will be talking about the reformation and Elizabeth’s church settlement. Elizabeth I was intelligent, and would work to keep her reign. In Elizabeth’s speech to the troops before the battle of the Armada she states “ Spain, or any prince of Europe should dare to invade the borders of my realm I myself will take up arms ” Elizabeth clearly says that she would fight for her country.
Elizabeth 2 is the Queen of Great Britain. She was born in Windsor on 21 April Her full name is Elizabeth-Mary-Alexander Windsor. Her favored name is Lilibet. Queen Elizabeth I of England was a singular swayer. Elizabeth was born in to Henry VIII of England and took the throne in at the age of 25 and reigned until when she passed off (rutadeltambor.com, 1).
Elizabeth was the last of the Tudor Dynasty (Funk & A ; Wagnalls vol.
9, ). The reign of Queen Elizabeth I is considered to be one of the greatest periods in English history. During her reign of forty years she supported and attended many theatrical productions by famous authors such as Edmund Spencer, Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare.
Research about her father, King Henry VIII, and mother, Anne Boleyn, provides context for the climate in which Queen Elizabeth I was born and how that affected her reign as queen.
Additionally, a look at her relationship with her half-sister, Queen Mary, provides context for Elizabeth's rule.