Literature review on leadership styles

Research Questions The primary research question that guided this proposed qualitative case study was: What if any leadership style or styles of correction officers motivate or deter substance abuse treatment effectiveness in jail-based programs? The research questions addressed the proposed concerns by identifying which leadership style s of correction officers was most effective in jail-based substance abuse programs.

Literature review on leadership styles

Overview[ edit ] To have a clear understanding of what innovation leadership involves, one must first understand the concept of innovation. Although there is some controversy over how it can be defined, through general consensus in the literature, it can be described as novel ideas of viable products that are put into operation.

Idea Generation Evaluation Implementation The two types of innovation include exploratory innovation, which involves generating brand new ideas, and value-added innovation, which involves modifying and improving ideas that already exist.

Innovation should also not be confused with creativitywhich is merely the generation of a novel idea that may not necessarily be put into operation—though these words are sometimes used interchangeably in research literature when speaking about innovation leadership.

Innovation leadership is a complex concept, as there is no single explanation or formula for a leader to follow to increase innovation. As a result, innovation leadership encompasses a variety of different activities, actions, and behaviors that interact to produce an innovative outcome.

Value-added Innovation[ edit ] Exploratory and value-added innovation require different leadership styles and behaviors to succeed. Companies whose innovation leaders use transactional leadership for value-added innovation purposes include Toyota Motor Co. Occasionally a value-added innovation may require a completely new way of thinking and possibly taking new risks.

An example of this scenario can be illustrated through Aspirin; this was an existing product, traditionally used as an analgesic to alleviate aches and pains, but has been introduced into a new and different market by extending its uses to help prevent heart attack and reduce blot clot formation.

In this example, the usage of an existing product was re-worked and introduced into a new market. In this case, a transformational leadership style is a more appropriate style to use. The innovation leader must gauge if and how much risk and radical thinking are involved in the value-added innovation to determine which leadership style to use in a situation.

The leader must be flexible—able to switch leadership behaviors when necessary. Exploratory Innovation[ edit ] Exploratory innovation refers to the generation of novel ideas, strategies, and solutions through the use of strictly open behaviors exhibited most often by transformational leaders.

The foundation of exploratory innovation is characterized by search, discovery, experimentation, and risk taking. It is the organization's focus on generating new ideas, products and strategies; in contrast to exploitative innovation, which focuses on building and extending already existing ideas.

Some studies have shown that explorative and exploitative innovation require different structures, strategies, processes, capabilities, and cultures. Exploratory innovation requires flexibility, opportunism, adaptability, and for leaders to provide intellectual stimulation to their subordinates.

The behaviors exhibited are believed to achieve the desired creative outcome from employees through the application of individualized consideration, charisma, and inspirational motivation.

The result of this experiment after six months was new business ideas for products and services. The organization may need to switch gears and adopt exploitative strategies to revise and refine the idea to match present needs.

Foundations of Innovation Leadership[ edit ] Innovation leadership has roots in path-goal theory and leader-member exchange theory.

Certain elements within an organization are also needed for innovation leadership to succeeded. Additional foundational elements for innovation leadership include creative work, a creative workforce, and certain leader attributes. However, it is contingent on employee and environmental factor to be effective.

Literature review on leadership styles

It follows the same idea as Path-goal theory and innovation leadership, that multiple leadership styles are necessary in managing multiple subordinates but takes it a step further. LMX involves adopting a unique leadership style for each employee.

Past studies indicate that LMX theory has been shown to have an effect on innovation. Basu and Green [22] found that innovative behavior is related to the quality of the leader-member exchange where high quality exchanges include contributions from both the leader and the follower.

Leadership styles, transformational positively related and transactional negatively relatedwere found to have an effect on innovativeness.

Organizational culture refers to an organization's deep structure, normative beliefs, and shared behavioral expectations. This culture is fairly constant and can influence interorganizational relations. Climate refers to the way that individuals perceive the extent to which the organizational culture impacts them.

The two essentially are interrelated. One proposed model for assessing a creative environment in organizations includes the following dimensions: It operates at three major levels, each level containing multiple aspects. This involves encouragement of risk-taking and idea generation from all levels of management, fair and supportive evaluation of new ideas, recognition and reward of creativity, and collaborative idea flow across an organization.

Each of these are equally important aspects of organizational encouragement but the third aspect, recognition and reward of creativity, may have adverse effects if the sole purpose for engaging in an activity is to gain reward.

Supervisory Encouragement[ edit ] The second level, Supervisory Encouragement, highlights the roles of supervisors and project managers in goal clarity, open interaction between supervisors and subordinates, and supervisory support of a team's work and ideas.

This level of encouragement points to the concepts of transformational leadership and LMX that emphasise the importance of the interactions of supervisors and subordinates in innovative performance.Advances In Management Vol. 7(2) February () 57 Review Paper: Leadership styles Nanjundeswaraswamy T.

S.* and Swamy D. R.

Literature review on leadership styles

Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bangalore, INDIA. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research Vol.1 No.7 [] | October EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE.

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Leadership Theories and Styles: A Literature Review Zakeer Ahmed Khan_PhD Dr. Allah Nawaz Irfanullah Khan_PhD Department of Public Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan. European Scientific Journal March edition vol, No.7 ISSN: – (Print) e - ISSN THE IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP AND CHANGE. has been an NCCRS member since October The mission of is to make education accessible to everyone, everywhere. Students can save on their education by taking the online, self-paced courses and earn widely transferable college credit recommendations for a fraction of the cost of a traditional course.

Follow these simple steps to find online resources for your book. Leadership styles are generally divided into four categories: autocratic, consultative, democratic, and laissez-faire (Daiels, , Davies and Brundrett, ). The following table contains the description of each style, relevant leader behaviours and potential impact on employees: Laissez-Faire.

Leadership - Wikipedia

Abstract: The present research is a literature review of the leadership styles and its effectiveness within the organization team-building. Specifically, this paper tries to review the literature in the sphere of job performance focusing on the leadership styles.

PDF | Numerous explanations, classifications, theories and definitions about leadership, exist in the contemporary literature. Substantial effort has .

Innovation leadership - Wikipedia