Cognitivism, most notably Gestalt theoryspeaks of learning as making sense of the relationship between what is old and what is new. Similarly, Constructivist theory states that "knowledge is not passively received from the world or from authoritative sources but constructed by individuals or groups making sense of their experiential worlds". Learning economy[ edit ] Lifelong learning is being recognized by traditional colleges and universities as valid in addition to degree attainment.
How to Write a Book Repor How to Write a Book Report We explain the pre-writing steps to writing a book report Writing a book report can be a difficult task that requires you to deal with a large amount of information in a relatively small space. But don't be discouraged—in this article we outline how to prepare for your book report and in our later article we discuss how to write report on a book.
Tips for taking notes Before you can sit down to write a book report, you must first read the required novel. As you read, remember to take notes on each chapter of the book. Simply reading the book and then writing your book report will likely result in a poorly organized assignment and a lot of flipping pages back and forth to find information.
College book reports or essays are different from high school literary assignments in the sense that while you will be summarizing the text to some extent, you'll also be required to deal with the book on a meaningful level i.
For this reason, noting the following important elements in each chapter as you read and before you begin to write is highly important: Main characters and their actions While you don't need to write down every single thing that a character does, it's important to notice patterns of behavior across the entire arc of the story.
Let's say you note that, in Chapter 1, the main character robs a convenience store because the owner fired him. Later, in Chapter 7, the same character slashes the tires of his neighbor's car because she parked in his parking space.
While you wouldn't necessarily have to mention these two specific details in the book report, your careful examination of this character's actions allows you to call him "vindictive" in your report and have the proof to back it up.
The setting Just as with noting the main characters and their actions, taking notice of settings will allow you to uncover patterns throughout the story.
Perhaps you note that Chapters 1 through 3 take place in Brooklyn, and then in Chapter 4, a new character that lives in Tempe is introduced. As the story progresses, the character from Brooklyn makes his way to Columbus, Des Moines, and finally to Salem.
In your report, it's probably unnecessary to mention all of these cities.
However, your examination of patterns throughout the plot of the story could lead you to report that two characters, one from New York City and the other from Tempe, reunite in Salem.
Events This one is quite simple. You should be writing down at least one noteworthy event from each chapter of the book. Symbols and symbolism Symbols are tricky. For example, in Dylan Thomas's "Do not go gentle into that good night," references to the "close of day" and "night" are generally deemed, by scholars, to be symbolic representations of death.
Another example that everyone is familiar with is a red rose, which generally symbolizes love. Noting symbols in stories takes some practice, but this is what will ultimately make your book report stand out.
If a symbol repeats throughout a story, it's likely not accidental; the author wants the readers to extract some sort of meaning from this symbol.
If you can do this, you will likely receive a better grade than those who ignore this admittedly difficult point. If you think you've come upon a symbolic element in a story, we recommend asking yourself the following questions: How does this symbol relate to the actions of the characters and the events in the story?
Does this symbol help explain an aspect of a character's personality or an event in the story?Learn about the work CAST is pioneering with the New Hampshire Department of Education in the newly released Year One report.
Before you can sit down to write a book report, you must first read the required novel. As you read, remember to take notes on each chapter of the book.
Simply reading the book and then writing your book report will likely result in a poorly organized assignment and a . About • Privacy • Help • Contact; The Starfall Website is a program service of Starfall Education Foundation, a publicly supported nonprofit organization, (c.
Book Adeventure. The NEW Book Adventure Site. Menu. Coming Soon; Home; test; test; THANK YOU. How to Write a Book Report Book Reports in the ESL Class Asking ESL students to read a book, write a report and present it as part of a small group discussion is a good way to incorporate multiple strands of language learning into an activity.
Visual Learning Overview. Visual thinking is a learning style where the learner better understands and retains information when ideas, words and concepts are associated with images.