Resilience Resilience is the process of adapting well in the face of adversity.
Ministry of Social Development Abstract A review of the international research literature on family resilience shows that processes that operate at the family level - including strong emotional bonds, effective patterns of communication, the use of coping strategies and family belief systems, especially those based on spiritual or religious values - are important means by which families manage to cope with adversity.
Positive parenting is a key influence on children's development, especially in adverse financial circumstances. Wider family involvement can also assist families to cope with stress. In particular, non-resident fathers and other father figures have an important role to play in promoting the development of children in lone-mother families, while the burden of teenage parenthood can be eased by multi-generational co-residence.
On the question of whether it is possible to inculcate resilience in families, evidence from a range of recent evaluations Family resilience essay selected intervention programmes shows that approaches that work best are those that involve early intervention, that are sensitive to families' cultures and values and that assist in relieving families' ecological stresses.
The concept of resilience has been developed by researchers to denote positive adaptation under adverse circumstances. This paper presents an overview of the literature on resilience, with primary emphasis on how the concept has been applied at the level of the family.
The focus of the paper is on the relation between family resilience and child outcomes: Its origins lie in the study of individual resilience. Historically, researchers interested in resilience have focused on attributes of children that are associated with positive adaptation under adverse circumstances e.
More recently, research scholars have extended the idea to the level of the family. While the theory has been elaborated by a number of scholars - although further development is needed in a number of respects - empirical evidence on the phenomenon of family resilience is still rather sparse.
A key element in the concept is that of successful engagement with risk. A family can be considered resilient where it has encountered adversity and coped successfully with the challenge.
This has led to a focus on family strengths - those qualities that allow families to cope successfully with challenges to their wellbeing. While early studies of resilience among children tended to take a static view - some of the earliest work used the terms "invulnerable" and "invincible" children - emphasis is now placed on its dynamic nature.
Thus resilience is viewed as a process of adaptation under challenges to wellbeing. Contemporary theorists also emphasise the fact that resilience is not a categorical state, but a continuum families can be more or less resilient and that it is contingent families may be resilient in some circumstances but not others.
A Definition of Family Resilience Luthar et al.
This incorporates a number of key features of the concept, including resilience as a dynamic process of adaptation, and encapsulates the idea of successful engagement with risk.
Related Concepts The concept of family resilience is most usefully understood in relation to a number of other key concepts, especially the concepts of risk factors and protective factors. Risk factors increase the probability of negative outcomes.
Protective factors interact with risk to change the predictive relationship between risk factors and negative outcomes, reducing the probability of negative outcomes. Another concept used by some researchers is vulnerability.
Vulnerability factors increase the probability of negative outcomes in the presence of risk. Protective factors and vulnerability factors are both posited on the idea of an interaction with risk: A number of studies examine how protective factors work to reduce the effect of high-risk ecological circumstances, but there is little research evidence on the interaction between vulnerability and risk.
Much of the research on family resilience is concerned with a search for protective factors, which reflects the emphasis on family strengths. Another useful conceptual distinction is that between proximal and distal variables. Proximal variables have effects that are experienced directly.
Distal variables have effects that are experienced indirectly through other mediating variables. In the context of an analysis of sources of influence on children's outcomes, an example of a distal variable is the socio-economic position of the family, while an example of a proximal variable is the parenting behaviours of the child's parents.
Whereas parenting behaviours impact directly on children, the socio-economic position of the family impacts only indirectly through other mediating factors including parenting behaviours. These concepts provide a useful way of framing a resilience hypothesis: In examining this hypothesis empirically, the challenge for researchers is to identify proximal factors in the child's family environment that allow children to thrive despite the challenges of an adverse distal environment.
Critiques of the Concept of Family Resilience The field of family resilience research has been subject to a number of critiques. Much of the criticism focuses around concerns about definitional confusion. The term "resilience" has itself been defined in a range of ways and has been viewed by different researchers variously as a trait, a process and an outcome.
The related concepts of risk, protective and vulnerability factors have been subject to similar criticisms.Analysis of Understanding Family Resilience by Joan Patterson Essay.
Length: words ( double-spaced pages) Rating: Better Essays. Open Document. Essay Preview. Family is the fundamental group of people that hones each individual into a social being and trains each person into a being that complies with various changes that may occur in.
Published: Thu, 18 May Abstract. There is a great deal of research into resilience in children, whether they are housed or homeless.
However, there is less research about resilience in adults, whether they are housed or homeless. The following discussion will provide an overview of relevant research findings in a range of domains of family functioning which are regarded as aspects of family resilience, including family cohesion, family belief systems, coping strategies and communication.
Resilience is the capacity to bounce back in the face of adversity and to go on to live functional lives with a sense of well being. People can become resilient even though they may have lived in stressful and neglectful family and community environments/5(3).
Essay (70 marks) Write an essay of – words (2–3 double-spaced word-processed pages) on one of the following topics. Be sure that you are presenting the concepts in your own words and that you include current information. Abstract. A review of the international research literature on family resilience shows that processes that operate at the family level - including strong emotional bonds, effective patterns of communication, the use of coping strategies and family belief systems, especially those based on spiritual or religious values - are important means by which .