Born May 1, in Gloucester, Massachusetts to a wealthy family, Judith Sargent Murray did not have much opportunity as a woman living in puritanical America. Murray later married a man named John Stevens and converted to the Universalist faith. She continued to write under this assumed name for much of her career. Murray continued to write, and as was so common during the times, always under an assumed identity.
Life and career[ edit ] Early life and family[ edit ] Judith Sargent was born on May 1,in Gloucester, Massachusettsto Winthrop Sargent and Judith Saunders as the first of eight children. In the s, Judith, her siblings, and her parents all converted to Universalism and helped to fund and create the first Universalist Church in the nation, installing John Murray as the first pastor.
As a female in that time period, her education was unusually thorough. She read history, philosophy, geography, and literature. Although she considered herself as capable as her brother, her educational experience was far inferior to his.
Thus, even as a young girl, she was painfully aware of the way her society circumscribed the aspirations of women.
She believed women would succeed in life for two reasons: Career accomplishments[ edit ] Judith Sargent Murray began her early career covering a wide range of literary styles.
Not only did Murray write a number of essays, including her landmark essay "On the Equality of the Sexes" inshe also published a number of books, several poems, and even a few plays throughout the late s and early s. Murray also wrote anonymously under assumed names including "Constantia," "The Reaper," "Honora Martesia," and, most famously, as her male persona "Mr.
Vigilius" or "The Gleaner. At approximately age twenty-three, Judith Sargent Murray began making copies of her correspondence to create a historical record for future generations.
These letter books—twenty volumes in all—were discovered in by Gordon Gibson and were published on microfilm by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, where the original volumes reside.
The letter books are currently being transcribed and published by the Judith Sargent Murray Society. Learn more about the Letter Books Project at http: Judith Sargent was a staunch believer in improved educational opportunity for women.
Her essays were important to the post-Revolution "Republican Motherhood" movement, a movement led by Abigail Adams and other female revolutionaries which aimed to produce intelligent and virtuous citizens required for the success of the new nation.
Sargent was a feminist pioneer, and one of the first advocates to publicly claim female equality in the new Nation. Her original insight in her essay, "On Equality of the Sexes" is repeated by feminists today, Universalism[ edit ] Judith Sargent Murray was among the group of people in Gloucester, led by her father, Winthrop Sargent, who first embraced Universalism.
Her Universalist catechism, written for children, is considered the earliest writing by an American Universalist woman.
The Universalists took their case to the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court and won the first ruling in America for freedom of religion, meaning, the right to support their own church, their own minister, and not pay taxes to First Parish. This ruling affected religious groups throughout the nation.
The minister they wanted to support in their own Universalist church was John Murraywho is considered the founder of organized American Universalism.
A native of England, John Murray first arrived in the colonies in and settled in Gloucester in He was charismatic and convincing, and he succeeded in dismantling the dark, gloomy promises of Calvinism in favor of a more hopeful view of the present and life after.
He organized fledgling groups into established Universalist churches and societies. Marriages and family[ edit ] On October 3,at eighteen years old, Judith married John Stevens, an important ship captain at the time.- INTRODUCTION This essay is mainly based on Åsa Löfström´s report Gender equality, economic growth and employment.
Åsa Löfström is the Associate Professor at the Department of Economics at the Umeå University in Sweden. Equality Between Men and Women Essay - Equality is a concept mankind never is able to grasp correctly. Of course humans will always search for different solutions to create fairness, but factors such as human greed, ignorance of mass populations, and even biological aspects stagnates the process of .
Jan 09, · On the Equality of Sexes, essay summary This essay is an excerpt from an article ‘On the Equality of the Sexes’ published in Massachusetts Magazine in Judith Sargent Murray, the author, is a feminist writer who strived for the right and recognition of women from the society of her period.
Battle of the Sexes Essay.
of the Sexes The word “gap” is defined as a wide divergence or difference. For as long as time has existed, there has been great tension between the sexes. This is a problem in the US due to the inequality of salary with gender, race/ethnicity, and education. Judith Sargent Murray () On the Equality of the Sexes, Originally published in The Massachusetts Magazine, or, Monthly Museum Concerning the Literature, History, Politics, Arts, Manners, Amusements of the Age,Vol.
II - For Printed at Boston. In the essay Judith Sargent Murray had written “On the Equality of Sexes”, she had discussed about the issue behind how women are not inferior to men.
Murray’s father had not sent her to college, but instead sent Murray’s brother to Harvard.