The Government of India conceived the ceremony to honour films made across India, on a national scale, to encourage the furthering of Indian art and culture. Sincethe Indian Directorate of Film Festivals administers the ceremony along with other major film events in India annually. It is the highest award given for films in India.
History of Hindustani Urdu, like Hindi, is a form of Hindustani. Urdu words originating from Chagatai and Arabic were borrowed through Persian and hence are Persianized versions of the original words.
Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words. The Persian language was introduced into the subcontinent a few centuries later by various Persianized Central Asian Turkic and Afghan dynasties including that of Mahmud of Ghazni.
Hindustani was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian. This literary standard called "Hindi" replaced Urdu as the official language of Bihar inestablishing a sectarian divide of "Urdu" for Muslims and "Hindi" for Hindus, a divide that was formalized with the division of India and Pakistan after independence though there are Hindu poets who continue to write in Urdu to this day, with post-independence examples including Gopi Chand Narang and Gulzar.
There have been attempts to "purify" Urdu and Hindi, by purging Urdu of Sanskrit words, and Hindi of Persian loanwords, and new vocabulary draws primarily from Persian and Arabic for Urdu and from Sanskrit for Hindi.
English has exerted a heavy influence on both as a co-official language. Urdu in Pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from regional languages, thus allowing speakers of the language in Pakistan to distinguish themselves more easily and giving the language a decidedly Pakistani flavour.
Similarly, the Urdu spoken in India can also be distinguished into many dialects like Dakhni Deccan of South India, and Khariboli of the Punjab region.
Because of Urdu's similarity to Hindispeakers of the two languages can easily understand one another if both sides refrain from using specialized vocabulary. The syntax grammarmorphologyand the core vocabulary are essentially identical.
Thus linguists usually count them as one single language and contend that they are considered as two different languages for socio-political reasons. Despite this, Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to give any native Pakistani language preference over the other.
Urdu is therefore spoken and understood by the vast majority in some form or another, including a majority of urban dwellers in such cities as KarachiLahoreOkara DistrictSialkotRawalpindiIslamabadMultanFaisalabadHyderabadPeshawarQuettaJhangSargodha and Skardu.
For this reason, it is also taught as a compulsory subject up to higher secondary school in both English and Urdu medium school systems. This has produced millions of Urdu speakers from people whose native language is one of the other languages of Pakistanwho can read and write only Urdu.
It is absorbing many words from the regional languages of Pakistan. This variation of Urdu is sometimes referred to as Pakistani Urdu.
The regional languages are also being influenced by Urdu vocabulary.
There are millions of Pakistanis whose native language is not Urdu, but because they have studied in Urdu medium schools, they can read and write Urdu along with their native language. Most of the nearly five million Afghan refugees of different ethnic origins such as PashtunTajikUzbekHazarviand Turkmen who stayed in Pakistan for over twenty-five years have also become fluent in Urdu.
With such a large number of people s speaking Urdu, the language has acquired a peculiar Pakistani flavour further distinguishing it from the Urdu spoken by native speakers and diversifying the language even further. In India, Urdu is spoken in places where there are large Muslim minorities or cities that were bases for Muslim Empires in the past.
Indian madrasahs also teach Arabic as well as Urdu.
India has more than 3, Urdu publications, including daily Urdu newspapers. Outside South Asiait is spoken by large numbers of migrant South Asian workers in the major urban centres of the Persian Gulf countries.
Urdu is also spoken by large numbers of immigrants and their children in the major urban centres of the United Kingdomthe United StatesCanadaGermanyNorwayand Australia. Along with ArabicUrdu is among the immigrant languages with the most speakers in Catalonia.
In addition to Islam, India was characterized by a number of other religions that represented different spiritual outlooks. Hindi became the distinct register spoken by those who sought to construct a Hindu identity in the face of colonial rule.The Religious and Social Reform of India – The Indian Renaissance!
The urgent need for social and religious reform that began to manifest itself from the early decades of the 19th century arose in response to the contact with Western culture and education. ADVERTISEMENTS: The weakness and decay of Indian society was evident to educated [ ].
Regularisation of RTPs: The BSNL has taken a position that the services rendered by RTPs during DOT period will be regularized by the DOT only. In the following well documented article Dr Muhammad Abdul Jabbar Beg surveys the origins of Islamic science, with a special focus on its interaction with the previous intellectual traditions of the ancient world as well as a survey of the beginnings of scientific activity in Arabic.
Hindi Translation of “unity” | The official Collins English-Hindi Dictionary online. Over , Hindi translations of English words and phrases.
Hindi translation of 'unity' Word Frequency. unity He will try to form a national unity government to enact further painful economic measures.
Times, Sunday Times (). Childhood & Early Life. Bismillah Khan was born as the second son to Paigambar Khan and Mitthan. He was named Qamaruddin so that his name would sound . Read this Essay on the “Hindi Languages role for National Unity”in Hindi Language. Home ›› Related Essays: Essay on consciousness of national unity related with national system of education Essay on the “Role of Literature in the Development of National” in Hindi Essay on the “Importance of Hindi languages” in Hindi Role of Gandhi in [ ].