Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family traversed the country throughout Calder's childhood. Calder was encouraged to create, and from the age of eight he always had his own workshop wherever the family lived. For Christmas inCalder presented his parents with two of his first sculptures, a tiny dog and duck cut from a brass sheet and bent into formation.
James Monroe White House portrait circa Introduction James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States, in office between and Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, he had a prolific career in politics and remains in American history as a Founding Father.
After fighting in the American Revolutionary War, he rose to prominence in politics by occupying several key positions, including senator, governor of Virginia, secretary of state, secretary of war, and eventually president.
Monroe also had an extensive diplomatic career, negotiating many important treaties with Britain, France, and Spain in times of great international turmoil.
His foreign policy and especially the Monroe Doctrine set an unprecedented path in international relations. Early Life Born on April 28,in Westmoreland County, Virginia, in a family of modest means, James Monroe grew up on the small farm of his parents. His father, Spence Monroe, was a relatively thriving planter and carpenter while his mother, Elizabeth Jones, devoted her time to taking care of the children.
Inhis mother died and two years later, he lost his father as well. Jones arranged for Monroe to attend the College of William and Mary with the hope that his nephew would pursue a career in politics.
Monroe proved indeed to be an outstanding student and his knowledge of Latin and math put him in advanced courses. Most importantly, through his uncle, Monroe met many influential figures of Virginia, including Thomas Jefferson and George Washington.
Inthe conflict escalated to armed fighting, and the colonial and British troops measured their powers in Massachusetts. A year later, the colonies declared their independence from Britain. Anxious to take part in the making of history, Monroe decided to drop out of college after only a year and a half of studies in order to join the Continental Army.
|Early years||I was one of those. My fascination with presidents grew.|
|James Monroe | Biography, Presidency, & Facts | rutadeltambor.com||First Inaugural original text.|
|Featured Links||The marked site is one mile from the unincorporated community known today as Monroe Hall, Virginia. His father Spence Monroe — was a moderately prosperous planter who also practiced carpentry.|
At the beginning ofhe enrolled in the Third Virginia Infantry and was commissioned as a lieutenant. A severed artery almost caused his death.
When the battle ended, George Washington praised Monroe for his bravery and he was promoted to captain. With an intervention from his uncle, Monroe returned to the front after his wounds healed, and during the winter ofhe served in the Philadelphia campaign.
Soon Monroe found himself destitute and chose to resign his commission. Holding letters of recommendation from influential military names such as George Washington, Alexander Hamiltonand Lord Stirling, Monroe returned to his home state.
He decided to follow the advice of his uncle and resume his studies. Despite not having a particular interest in law, Monroe was encouraged by Jefferson to finish his studies and read law under Jefferson.
He agreed that law provided him with the most immediate professional rewards, easing his path to social status and wealth.
Later, when the state capital was moved from Williamsburg to Richmond, Monroe moved to the new capital to continue his studies with Jefferson as his mentor. By working closely together, they became lasting friends. According to the exhibition catalog, the man standing next to Washington and holding the flag is Lieutenant James Monroe.
A year later, he was elected to the Congress of the Confederation, serving a total of three years before having to retire due to the rule of rotation. As a Congressman, Monroe was a vocal advocate for western expansion, playing a key role in the passage of important expansion bills.
Jefferson remained his mentor and advisor during this period.Political parties in the United States are mostly dominated by a two-party system consisting of the Democrats and the Republicans. Though the United States Constitution has always been silent on the issue of political parties since at the time it was signed in there were no parties in the nation.
Eliabeth Monroe () was an American first lady () and wife of James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States. Elizabeth and James spent much of their early married life.
James Monroe, (born April 28, , Westmoreland county, Virginia [U.S.]—died July 4, , New York, New York, U.S.), fifth president of the United States (–25), who issued an important contribution to U.S.
foreign policy in the Monroe Doctrine, a warning to European nations against intervening in the Western Hemisphere. The first president of the United States I ever saw was Richard Nixon, during his campaign against John Kennedy.
At the age of four, I am told, I was held up in the air as the future president's motorcade sped down the Lincoln Highway in Illinois, where I lived.
That fall, Nixon was promising. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Tour American political history and learn about famous Jews online! Access historical documents and letters written by famous characters including Abraham Lincoln, Albert Einstein and Mark Twain.